Rabu, 13 Oktober 2010
Borobudur is the largest Buddhist temple in the ninth century measuring 123 x 123 meters. Borobudur was built much sebeloum before Angkor Wat in Cambodia.
Do you know Borobudur? This temple has 1460 relief panels and 504 Buddha effigies in it. So many people who admire and want to visit the building that this is a World Wonder Heritages. Architectural and beautiful function captivate anyone who sees it.
Samaratungga king, king of the ancient Mataram kingdom, the Dynasty was a dynasty that play a role in building the temple of Borobudur. Based on the inscription Kayumwungan revealed that Borobudur is a place of worship was completed on 26 May 824, approximately one hundred years needed to build it. Borobudur itself means a mountain having terraces, but in another sense is the monastery located on high ground.
Building Borobudur has punden berundak 10 levels. has a height 42 meters before the complete renovation and about 34.5 meters after the renovation because the lowest level below has been used as a tool for anchoring. Form the lowest level is six square and form three levels above the circle and its highest level in the form of Buddhist stupa facing to the west. Existing levels symbolizes life in humans.
The basis of the Borobudur Temple, commonly called Kamadhatu, which symbolizes the human that is still very tied to carnal lust. 4 levels above that symbolizes Rupadhatu Kamadhatu called humans who have freed themselves from worldly desires but still tied to the manner and form. At that level, the statue of Buddha placed in the open. While at three levels above where the Buddha is placed in a perforated stupa called Arupadhatu which symbolizes a man who has been free from lust, appearance, and shape. The top part is called Arupa which symbolizes nirvana, where Buddha is residing.
At each level of beautifully carved reliefs that show the level of proficiency craftsmen.Relief could be clearly readable when you walk in a clockwise direction. In the relief panels tell the story that is so legendary, that is Ramayana. In addition, there is also relief that describes the condition of the surrounding community at that time. For example, the reliefs on how farmers reflecting the rapid agricultural systems at the time and relief of sailing boat cruise is a view of the progress of society around the time was centered in the area Bergotta (Semarang).
Overall the reliefs contained in Borobudur temple reflect the teachings of the Buddha.Thus, the Borobudur temple can be used as medium of learning for immigrants who wish to study Buddhism. You can surround many narrow passage in Borobudur which explains the philosophy of Buddhism.
Unanswered questions about the temple of Borobudur is how the condition around the temple while being built and why the temple was found in the buried state. Some people say that Borobudur was originally established around the swamp and then buried by a volcanic eruption. The basis of this theory is Calcutta inscription that reads 'Amawa' which means sea of milk. The word is then interpreted as volcanic lava.
Because all the pomp and mystery of Borobudur's become an attractive tourist center to be visited. In addition to visiting the beautiful temple, you can also walk to the villages around Borobudur, like Karanganyar and Wanurejo to see people around who were making crafts.